2021年1月16日，威尼斯人登录网址数据科学系叶鹏副教授在国际期刊《Biometrical Journal》上发表文章《Testing inflated zeros in binomial regression models》。
Binomial regression models are commonly applied to proportion data such as those relating to the mortality and infection rates of diseases. However, it is often the case that the responses may exhibit excessive zeros; in such cases a zero inflated binomial (ZIB) regression model can be applied instead. In practice, it is essential to test if there are excessive zeros in the outcome to help choose an appropriate model. The binomial models can yield biased inference if there are excessive zeros, while ZIB models may be unnecessarily complex and hard to interpret, and even face convergence issues, if there are no excessive zeros. In this paper, we develop a new test for testing zero inflation in binomial regression models by directly comparing the amount of observed zeros with what would be expected under the binomial regression model. A closed form of the test statistic, as well as the asymptotic properties of the test, is derived based on estimating equations. Our systematic simulation studies show that the new test performs very well in most cases, and outperforms the classical Wald, likelihood ratio, and score tests, especially in controlling type I errors. Two real data examples are also included for illustrative purpose.